5G will greatly impact almost every aspect of human life. From self-driving cars, smart homes, and extremely fast download speeds to IoT, it will all be possible because of 5G. Demand for 5G is growing. As the technology curve grows steeper every day, solutions that solve several difficulties across multiple industries become more essential.
The race toward 5G development has challenged every operator to estimate what tools to use for the next generation of communication technology. Here are the various medium and long-term development roadmaps for operators to overcome the 5G development challenges.
Building a Cost-effective Network
Some of the 5G technology requirements include speed, capacity, and coverage. This will require a blend of low, medium, and high frequencies. Operators are planning on low TCO as a long-term strategy for building a cost-effective network. The 5G era requires changes in spectrum coverage features and equipment patterns leading to high costs of equipment, high networking density, and high consumption of power. This will lead to an increase in investment costs and in turn operators will face a bigger pressure on return on investment.
How Can Operators Accomplish Low TCO in 5g Medium and Long-term Planning?
Firstly, a TCO calculation model is created to study the TCO composition of a 5G network. The results show that being in control of network size and minimizing single-site costs are the most essential and direct means to lessen TCO. The proposal of focus and top-level planning is suggested to achieve low TCO 5G planning. Focus planning comprises of basic sites, energy-saving, and Al-based intelligent O&M, while top-level planning is a top-level design of the whole network. Special attention should be focused on the low-cost planning of private networks.
Top-level planning simplifies network design, reduces network size, and therefore lessens TCO from the perception of macro networking. This provides categorized coverage through the actual mixing of high, middle, and low-frequency bands. Thus, it’s crucial to give attention to high-value areas to control the measure of investment instead of covering the whole network.
Empowering Vertical Industries’ digitalization
The speed of 5G deployment has now accelerated worldwide. 5G will play a fundamental role in the digital transformation of vertical industries. Operators plan to launch 5G in the next few years. However, in recent times operators have come across challenges that have brought a constant return on investment decline in mobile service. Operators can utilize 5G’s greatest growth opportunity in the enterprise vertical industries rather than the consumer market.
How Can Empowering Vertical Industries’ Digitalization Help?
5g integration with vertical industries will enable new business models and services beyond imagination. Service revolution across vertical businesses has placed new requests on the network infrastructure, like edge computing, network slicing, ultra-low latency, and substantial connections. All these requirements can be easily met with 5G networks. To date, there has been immense exploration on transforming traditional industries into using 5G and as a result, there’s the development of smart manufacturing, smart city, smart transportation, smart education, and additional use cases.
The enterprise vertical market is the future with 5G while the consumer market remains a cornerstone.
Value-oriented Operation Transformation
The deployment of 5G networks marks the point that cloud-native technology is introduced into the heart of communication service providers’ mobile networks. Operators can benefit through cloud-native design principles that offer improved lifecycle, the underlying infrastructure, and greater interdependency between applications. This will be important to attain efficiency and business innovation in 5G networks.
There will be new network operation and management challenges for operators and will therefore need unique operational transformation. Direct impact on business progressions will be experienced due to adopting cloud-native principles. A good transformation plan is vital to address the challenges and opportunities cloud-native adoption will bring.
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