Macro Cells in 5G – Revolutionizing Network Connectivity

In this age of constant technological advancements in the telecommunications industry, you must have come across the term 5G. Essentially, 5G refers to the fifth generation of mobile networks. It is significantly more evolved than the previous 4G LTE networks.

The telecommunications sector is ever-innovating and highly competitive. Learn how businesses should adopt new technologies like automation by developing their OSS capabilities.

One of the primary features of the 5G network is its capability to service wider areas while providing faster connections. It is thus aimed at meeting the communication needs of the modern society while developing the Internet of Things (IoT) and carrying out future innovations.

The 5G network is made up of various crucial components; one of which is known as macro cells. In this article, we discuss in detail what exactly is a macro cell in the 5G network and how it functions. Read on to learn more.

What is Macro Cell?

A 5G network typically uses two kinds of cells, known as the small cell and the macro cell.

A macro cell is part of the radio access network and provides the much-important radio coverage for the cellular network. Usually, macro cell antennas are mounted on towers and/or masts at the cellular base stations. These can be placed at several locations, like:

  • On rooftops
  • On poles or towers
  • Any other tall structures like building
  • On wall-mounted installations 
  • And even in certain cases, on the ground.

The only caveat to proper placement is that the antennas should be at a location higher than surrounding buildings or on high terrain. This is necessary to prevent any obstruction of the transmitted signal. Otherwise, the network quality can be seriously hampered.

Advantage of Macro Cells

Macro cells used in the 5G networks can effectively provide cellular network coverage to a wider area than the previous generation of 4G LTE service. In fact, the usage of macro cells allows 5G networks to provide services that can span a relatively large town.

This feature of macro cells is especially useful when it comes to the 5G network’s ability to connect billions of devices across a wide area. It also makes the service faster by reducing latency or response time in the system. Thus providing a network that is far better than the previous 4G LTE connections.

How do Macro Cells Function?

5G macro cells function by implementing a system known as MIMO. It stands for Multiple Input, Multiple Output, and operates through antennas that have multiple connections or elements that are used to receive and send data.

Sometimes, MIMO antennas use a very large number of elements to facilitate the macro cells to receive and send even more data. Such a design is known as the “massive MIMO” and enables the macro cells to allow an even large number of people to connect over the network. Interestingly,  despite a large number of antenna elements, massive MIMO is comparable to the 4G and even the 3G base station antennas in their physical size.

With its large capacity and fast communication times, 5G is considered to be the next revolutionary thing in the field of telecommunications. It will connect billions worldwide, thus creating a robust internet of things or IoT. The use of the wide-area coverage macro cells is undoubtedly one of the crucial reasons why 5G networks will be able to achieve this level of connectivity.

The telecommunications sector is ever-innovating and highly competitive. Learn how businesses should adopt new technologies like automation by developing their OSS capabilities.

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