5G Networks: The Future of Smart

5G is a group of improvements and capabilities in the mobile network communication system for broadband users. 5G networks are based on different architecture, infrastructures, and designs. The capacity upgrade is to provide communication links with better performance in the following KPIs:

  • Lower latency
  • Higher bandwidth (Download and Upload)
  • More devices connected

5G is around the corner, what are the implications on Wi-Fi service? The challenge for operators is to improve the offer to home Wi-Fi users. How will 5G and Wi-Fi compete and integrate? Learn more on our blog post 5G, the New Challenge for Wi-Fi.

Of course, 5G is not an exception. Those improvements reference to LTE (4G technology and current mobile broadband system). Experts in this topic expect to have a full deployment at 2025, replacing most of the 4G services, as 4G did it with 3G services some years ago. At this moment, in some large cities, providers are offering on-demand based service. This could be a starting point to take data and measurements. But until the time arrives, what could we do with a better connectivity performance? For a regular subscriber, is it necessary to have more and more speed? Is it enough to have 4G to watch Netflix, Amazon Prime, or YouTube or playing Fortnite?

About Speed in 5G Networks

As already mentioned, latency, bandwidth, and range are the main points in this next-gen process. Providers should always keep in mind that the LTE-4G average speed is around 15Mbps-50Mbps. The theoretical max speed should be around 300Mbps-1Gbps. These values mostly depend on the mobile network infrastructure and deployments done by the provider, which varies among countries.

In 5G mobile networks, values are expected to be around 1-10Gbps (max theoretical values). In practice, it could be something around 50Mbps or maybe faster (keeping in mind the current values of 4G).

Regarding latency, numbers seem to be very impressive as well. 3G was about 60ms and 200ms, depending on several conditions, but 4G had a better performance at 40ms to 60ms. 5G is expected to have from 10ms to 1ms! This, according to the different applications and the commercial offer. 

For most users, each new mobile technology only means faster speed for all the connected devices. They don’t realize the extra impact of these new technologies. For instance, when 4G arrived a few years ago, data speeds jump-started the app revolution, but nobody could predict it. This leads us to a question: what could need higher data transference? What will be the next boom?

Predictions

“Brilliant” Phones

Of course, with better connectivity, cell phones would not only be smart. We could start speaking of brilliant-phones solving significant issues related to their current-gen operation:

  • Lag-free real-time gaming
  • High-resolution videos (4K and even higher)
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Video chat communications (affected by latency or lags)

On 5G phones, we should expect higher capabilities in data processing, better transference speeds using the current platform, and enforcing predictive communication concepts (focused on the interaction with virtual assistants.)

Everything Can be ‘Smart’ With 5G Networks

Not only smartphones are smart today. We could have several devices connected to the cloud as SmartTVs, SmartHouses, and even smart cars. With IoT, it is clear that 5G mobile would need to provide robust, reliable, and high-speed access connectivity to these devices. To achieve the SLA contracted, processing data and real-time monitoring systems are also a must in the process. For instance, Smart cities could be a reality: sensors connected between lights, control of traffic based-in short routes, traffic, or vehicles. 

Moreover, 5G technologies are expected to provide mass connectivity to almost every single device. Cars are approaching this world, for example, with AppleCare Play or Android Auto. Yet, this type of apps depends on the smartphone (and its mobile links). On its own, we could expect autonomous vehicles riding. If smartphones can communicate with each other, why couldn’t cars? Cars could provide information to other vehicles about road conditions, save time, and prevent collisions. 

5G networks will be the catalyst for many changes in the tech industry. It’s the way of moving vast amounts of data, giving the final customers the ability to manage their entertainment, environment, and relationships. At the same time, several business intelligence providers would need it to perform analysis. Telco providers should be prepared for these changes, including new capabilities, infrastructure development, real-time monitoring tools, and everything possible to provide a high-quality service for final customers.

5G is around the corner, what are the implications on Wi-Fi service? The challenge for operators is to improve the offer to home Wi-Fi users. How will 5G and Wi-Fi compete and integrate? Learn more on our blog post 5G, the New Challenge for Wi-Fi.

 

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